Why India has become a global hot spot for Eco-tourism? Why people across the globe keep visiting the place with much enthusiasm and curiosity? Despite of poverty smitten and complex structure, why Indian travel industry keep booming at a multiple pace? All the answers lies in Indian landscape that comprise of all the imaginable geographical variations and diversities that can flummox anyone.
Eco-tourism is not only venturing onto wilderness adventurous places but also appeals for ecological and social consciousness. It is not only a popular tourism pitch but while traveling to different destinations, it emphasize on local culture, personal growth, learning new dimensions of life and discover different cultural heritage.
Eco-tourism is a buzzing word in today’s travel world, mainly satisfy the conservation of biological as well as cultural diversity through a well –mapped ecosystem protection, also it promotes the sustainable use of biodiversity and spread cognizance among tourists about the environmental and cultural do(s) and don’t(s). Most importantly, through Eco-tourism one can promote their local culture and indigenous flora and fauna.
Now the question arise, why India keep calling thousands of tourists every year Look around the Indian landscape and get the answer. Diverse landscape of various geographic and climatic conditions can give plenty of options. Imagine traveling on the desolate ranges of Himalayas seeing beautiful monasteries and upstaged civilization or sweeping on a country boat through the mesmerizing backwaters of Kerala or imagine yourself resting on laid back beach in Goa and enjoy the life at its fullest. Indian geography and topography promotes a variety of flora and fauna with some endangered species in its surroundings. To stop the poaching and illegal trading, Indian government has made some strident laws and to conserve the wildlife several places are now become a popular National Park and Wildlife Sanctuaries. Currently there are around 87 national Park and about 441 sanctuaries. Some of them are even counted in UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
However, the concept of Eco-tourism often misunderstood grossly and become a cat's-paw to promote tourism that is somehow related to nature. Actually , Eco-tourism is bit different from other tourism as it demand a level of responsibility among tourists to minimize the negative aspects of conventional tourism activities and also to intensify the cultural unity of localities. While traveling through different places Eco-tourism demands a high level of environmental and cultural awareness such as limit use of plastic bottles or carry bags (though its a common practice in India to use plastics) disposing waste to trash cans, try to visit famous places during off seasons, leave the rock, log, plants (it is a common habit to tear flowers from the plants) and animals, respect the cultural traditions of local people, buying local products to promote indigenous businesses, and spread the Eco-tourism message to other fellows.
Eco-tourism has a wide role in India where there is a abundance of natural wealth equally susceptible to impairment due to tourists rush. Environmentalists and different organizations believe that Eco-tourism has great potential for sustainable development.