Saturday, December 29, 2012

Khajuraho Story

Built over a span of 100 years, 950 AD to 1050 AD, in bursts of creativity, the Khajuraho temples has been inscribed on the World Heritage List for their outstanding universal value and human creative genius. The mural depicts the life and times of the Chandelas, and celebrate the erotic state of being. Khajuraho or Khajur Vahika derives its name from the golden gate palms abound a plenty in the region.

Khajuraho is not just another sleepy hamlet of India, but a tourist paradise where thousands of tourists every year throng the place. The 25 Indo-Aryan architecture styled temples do the explanation. The explicit sexual friezes in fine sandstone and granite, ever since Khajuraho’s rediscovery by the East India company military officer, TS Burt, in 1839, spawn an uninhibited carnal celebration.

History Of Khajuraho

Erotic Sculptures in Khajuraho
History says the Rajput rulers Chandelas, ordered and aided the construction of Khajuraho temples while they reigned over the area now known as Bundelkhand region. With the wane of the Chandela Empire, these magnificent temples lay neglected, and vulnerable to the ravages of nature. It was only in this century, that they were rediscovered and restored, though only 25 of the original 85 survived and stand in varying stages of preservation. The Chandelas were believers of the Tantric cult, which emphasizes that gratification of earthly desires is a step towards attaining ultimate liberation.

Architecture Of Khajuraho Temple

An Ascetic copulates with a horse
The temples are clustered into three geographical divisions: the Western group with temples of Shiva and Vishnu, the Eastern group with a mixture of Hindu and Jain temples, and the Southern group with the Chaturbhuj and the Duladeo temples. The Western group is the best known, because it is to this group that the largest and most typical Khajuraho temple Kandariya Mahadev belongs. Perfectly symmetrical, it soars 31 meters high. The grand dimensions, symmetrical proportions and superb sculptural embellishments mark it out as the most evolved and finished achievement of the central Indian building style and one of the sublimest creations of Indian architecture.

Read more about Khajuraho Temples from Scholar Poddar Pramila

Khajuraho - Temples of Love

A typical Khajuraho temple sits upon a lofty stone terrace with a distinct upward direction to their build, further enhanced by several vertical projections to simulate the effect of an overall lightness. The three main compartments are the entrance, ardhamandapa, assembly hall or the mandapa, and the actual sanctum or the garbha griha.

Medieval eroticism!
It has largely been acknowledged that the temples have in their makeup, an overwhelming influence of the Tantrik cult. But how the Tantrik cult, and its approach came into being in these captivating sculptures in Khajuraho remains a mystery. It is also surprising, how the followers of the Tantrik cult became so predominant that they could build such majestic edifices for the propagation of their beliefs and their doctrines.

Khajuraho Stories & Myths

Sculpture symbolizes such strong passion of human lust

There is no archaeological evidence of Khajuraho’s exact history and stories behind these incredible erotic arts. A famous theory is that in the medieval period, young boys were sent to hermitage to learn scriptures and practice celibacy. When they reached maturity, those sculptures were meant to teach them the family lives. Though, certain images like copulation with animals and orgy can’t justify the teaching part.

Some credible explanations of Khajuraho’s sculptures are:

Ascetic involves in carnal pleasure
•    Some experts believe that in medieval era, erotic sculptures were symbols of happiness, prosperity and auspiciousness. Renowned Indologist Udayan Indurkar explains the sculptures with divinity. He strongly condemned calling it obscene, and symbolizing those sculptures with cosmic explosion. He call it a cosmic explosion where there were no external supply of energy. All energy came from within. In case of sexual energy, the energy is created within and the person releases it. He argues, the sculptures were not meant to portray humans union, but cosmic truth through sexual act.

•    Some people believe the theory of mocking the ascetics. The coital couples display both ascetics and royal class. The artists who carved the sculptures imagined ascetics in sensuous and passionate moods to mock the left-handed Tantric sect that rose to prominence at that era.

Khajuraho sculpture
•    Some other experts speculate the figures were some sort of code language to convey Tantric doctrine. For example, in a figure washerwoman clings to a celibate in the eyes of ordinary people look erotic. However, in Tantric language, the washerwoman represents Kundalalini energy that is ascended from the lower portion to upper breaking all chakras.

•    According to the architectural book of Shilpa Prakasha, each temple has installed some sort of magical yantra to protect it from evil forces. From the eyes of layman, one cannot see those yantra. Those erotic postures were actually pointed a line symmetry and superimposed the yantra.

Although Khajuraho erotic sculptures are considered the pillar of human passion and carnal desire, still it is not the only temple where one can see those erotic sculptures. During the period between 900-1300 AD, many Hindu, Jain and even Buddhist temples in western and southern India displayed some erotic sculptures.

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  • Anonymous says:
    June 16, 2013 at 1:31 AM

    India was Playboy land of that time

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