Tuesday, September 27, 2011

Wildlife of India

Introduction To Wildlife India

Wildlife of India is diverse and fascinating. The picturesque hills and homely plains of central and southern India act as haven to a host of signature species like monkeys, tigers, elephants, leopards, rhinos and antelopes. With a remarkable figure of 89,451 recorded species of fauna, the country has some of the richest biodiversity in the world. Apparently, wildlife watching is one of the prime tourist activities in India. There are a number of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries offering opportunities to spot some of the rarest and unusual wildlife.

India has a substantial populations of panthers, leopards, snow leopards and jungle cats, Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Indian Rhinoceros, Asiatic Lion and many more. Some of the Indian animals are ingrained in culture, generally associated with deities. There are about 2546 species of fishes thriving in Indian waters, which counts to about 11% of the world species. Around 197 species of amphibians and above 408 reptile species are found in the country.

Endangered Species Of India

India has an amazing biodiversity but Indian wildlife is exposed to tough challenge from the exploding human population of the country. As per the last census, India had 569 threatened species comprising 89 species of mammals, 26 species of reptiles, 82 species of birds, 35 species of fish, 68 species of amphibians, 22 species of invertebrates and 247 species of plants.

Listed below are few of the critically endangered and endangered species of Indian Wildlife:

Critically Endangered
  • Jenkin's Shrew
  • Ganges Shark
  • Himalayan Wolf
  • Indian Vulture
  • Malabar Large-spotted Civet
  • Namdapha Flying Squirrel
  • Pygmy Hog
  • Salim Ali's Fruit Bat
  • Asiatic Black Bear
  • Asiatic Lion
  • Blue Whale
  • Chiru (Tibetan Antelope)
  • Nilgiri Leaf Monkey
  • Snow Leopard
Conservation Of Wildlife In India

In India the need for conservation of wildlife is often questioned against the vast spread poverty of the people. The Wildlife Protection Act was passed in the year 1972 to check the abuse of wildlife, followed by a series of similar pieces of legislation with high objectives but low enthusiasm to actually take any action in that direction. Amongst the very few success stories, one has been of Project Tiger, which was launched in 1972 to conserve India's big mammals.The tiger is of particular importance and Project Tiger was a major effort to protect the tiger and preserve its habitats. Project Elephant, though not as popular as Project Tiger, started in 1992 and works for the protection of elephants.

Famous Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks

About 4.7% of Indian territory is dedicated to national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. India has 486 wildlife sanctuaries, 93 national parks and 14 biosphere reserves that overlap many of the national parks and sanctuaries. The biosphere reserves provide safe migration channels for wildlife and allow easy monitoring of biodiversity by the scientists. Some of the world renowned wildlife sanctuaries and national parks of India are listed below:

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Location: Kumily, Kerala
Nearest Access: Kumily (4 kms)
Main Wildlife Found: Elephants, Nilgiri Tahr, Tiger, Nilgiri Langur
Coverage Area: 777sq kms

Gir Sanctuary
Location: Gir, 42-kms from Junagadh, Gujarat
Nearest Access: Junagadh (42 kms)
Main Wildlife Found: Asiatic Lions, Leopards, Chowsingha
Coverage Area: 1412.13 sq kms

Kaziranga National Park
Location: Bokakhat (23 kms), Assam
Nearest Access: Bokakhat
Main Wildlife Found: Tigers, Rhinos, Leopards
Coverage Area: 430 sq kms

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
Location: Assam, North East India
Nearest Access: Guwahari (176 kms)
Main Wildlife Found: Tigers, Rhinos, Elephants
Coverage Area: 391 sq kms

Corbett National Park
Location: Uttarakhand
Nearest Access: Ramnagar
Main Wildlife Found: Tigers, Leopards, Crocodiles
Coverage Area: 1,200 sq kms

Sundarbans National Park
Location: Piyali, West Bengal
Nearest Access: Gosaba (50 kms)
Main Wildlife Found: Bengal Tiger, Ridley Sea Turtle
Coverage Area: 1330.10 sq kms.

Read More about wildlife..

Balpakram National Park In Meghalaya

Wildlife In Rajasthan- Ranthambore National Park

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary


Post a Comment