Wednesday, February 22, 2012

Andhra Pradesh At A Glance

The magnificent land of Andhra Pradesh is a dream destination for travelers. The state is drenched with breathtaking charm. Andhra Pradesh is one place that offers everything from fascinating lakes, welcoming thick forests to glorious dynastic forts, delicious seafood to mouth-watering biryani, enriched sanctuaries to pulsating shopping zones.

The people of Andhra Pradesh are enthusiasts who display heart warming hospitality and chivalry. The state tops the international charts for being an ideal hub for IT companies, with its capital Hyderabad transformed into one of the best destinations for IT projects and missions.

Apparently, global investors find Andhra Pradesh as an excellent location for setting up their firms. Many global giants like Infosys, MIcrosoft, IBM, Patni Computer Systems, Wipro, Yahoo, Google and others have stationed themselves in the Hi-tech city of Hyderabad and its periphery, forming Cyberabad-the IT hub.

History

The exhilarating state has a rich cultural background, wherein life dates to the Palaeolithic age, which existed about 3 lakhs years ago. The historical records hint the existence of civilization in the region even in the early sixth century BC, specially in and around the Godavari and Krishna valleys.

According to historians, the regular history of Andhra Pradesh begins from 236 BC, the year in which Ashoka died. In the following centuries, the land was ruled by dynasties like Satavahanas, Ikshvakus, Eastern Chalukyas, Sakas and Kakatiyas. Some other dynasties that ruled over the Andhra region were Qutub Shahi and Mir Qumruddin and his successors, who were called as the Nizams.

From the seventeenth century onwards, the Britishers started taking over the territories of the Nizams and formed a single province named Madras. India achieved its freedom from British rule in the year 1947. After a period of three years, the Telugu speaking regions of the Hyderabad state were integrated with the Telugu speaking regions of the Madras state, which formed the state of Andhra Pradesh.

Geography & Climate

The third largest state in India, Andhra Pradesh covers an area of 275,000 sq. km. Located in the southern region of the country, it is surrounded by states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. The northern region of the state is covered with mountains, with its highest peak Mahendragiri rising 1500 m above the sea level. The climate here stays hot and humid. The place receives an annual rainfall of 125 cm and is drained by Krishna and Godavari rivers.

Demographics

Hyderabad is the capital city of Andhra Pradesh. The official language of the state is Telugu, which is spoken by 71.5% of the population. Telugu has been designated as a classical and ancient language by the Government of India. The primary ethnic group of the state is that of Telugu people who originally are Dravidians. In terms of Human Development Index, Andhra Pradesh ranks tenth with a score of 0.416. The people of Andhra Pradesh generally observe religion of Hinduism, Islam and Christianity.

Heritage & Culture

Emanating from authentic Telugu or Andhra culture, the natives of the state have absorbed the graces of Turkish and Persian cultures drawn in by Muslim dynasties. The coming together of different cultures has given an exclusive 'Deccani' culture to the land that is a melange of grace, hospitality and passion. Kuchipudi is the most famous classical dance form of the state. Some of the prime festivals celebrated by the people are Sankranthi, Maha Shivaratri, Holi, Ugadi or the Telugu New Year, Sri Rama Navami, Varalakshmi Vratham, Rakhi poornima, Vinayaka Chavithi, Dasara, Atla Tadde, Deepavali, Eid ul-Fitr, Bakr-Id, Muharram, Milad-un-Nabi, Bonalu and Batukamma.

Further Read

Andhra Pradesh Tourist Attractions

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