Wednesday, July 17, 2013

Arunachal Pradesh At A Glance

arunachal pradesh map

Introduction to Arunachal Pradesh

A land of rising sun, Arunachal Pradesh is a thinly populated state, which covers an area of 83,743 sq. kms. Blessed with scenic beauty of the snow clad silver mountain peaks and lush green meadows, this state is the best place to take your family for most memorable tour. The visitor has a wide variety of options to pick from. There are places of worship and pilgrimage such as Parasuramkund and 400 years old, Tawang Monastery, or the sites of archaeological excavations like Malinithan and Itanagar, and many more. It also provides abundant scope for angling, boating, rafting, trekking and hiking.

The weather and the climate of this place is quite different from the rest of the country. The climate of the state is dominated by the Himalayan system and the attitudinal variations. It is highly hot and humid at the lower altitudes, while it is very cold in the higher attitude due to the valleys that covers the swampy dense forest. Average temperature during the winter months range from 15 to 21 degree celsius and 22 to 30 degree Celsius during monsoon.


There are practically no records relating to the early history of this area, except some oral literature and the number of historical ruins. According to the literature of Kalika Purana and Mahabharata, this place is supposed to be the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas. Many of our mythological characters seem to be associated with this state. It is said that sage Parashuram washed away his sins here and sage Vyasa chose this place for his meditation. It is depicted in our religious books that Lord Krishna tied knot with his consort Rukmini in Arunachal Pradesh itself.

Earlier Arunachal Pradesh was known as North Eastern Frontier Agency and was constitutionally a part of Assam. Till 1965, it was administered by the Ministry of External Affairs and later on by the Ministry of Home Affairs through the Governor of Assam. It was only in late 1972, that the state was constituted as a Union Territory and renamed Arunachal Pradesh. On 20th February 1987, it became the 24th state of the Indian Union.
arunachal pradesh valley
Arunachal Pradesh Valley

 Geography & Climate

Stretched from the snow-capped eastern Himalayas, at an altitude of 6,000 metres, to the plains of the Brahmaputra valley, Arunachal Pradesh lies at the country's north-eastern tip, surrounded by Bhutan, China and Burma. It covers 82% of wild jungle, 8% of rock and snow, and the rest 10% towns and farmland. It has over 6,000 species of plants, 650 birds, and more than 100 mammals. The major rivers of the state are the Brahmaputra and its tributaries like Dibang, Lohit, Subansiri, Kameng, and Tirap.

The climate of Arunachal Pradesh varies with topography and altitude. The maximum summer temperatures reach 35° C, while winter minimums drop below 14° C. It receives heavy rainfall of 80 to 160 inches annually, mainly in the month May and September.


arunachal pradesh tawang buddhist retreat
Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh is divided into six natural regions like western parts of Kameng District and Tirap District. The other three distinct topographical regions of the geography constitute the upper, middle and the lower belts of the state; concentrated pockets of the Arunachal Pradesh foothills form the sixth region. Further, it can be said that the topography of Arunachal Pradesh is characterized by mountainous ranges and sub-mountainous terrains. The clear picture of its demographic can be shown with the help of below mentioned points:
  •   Population: 8,64,558
  • Birth rate: 28.50 births/1,000 population (1993 estimate)
  • Death rate: 10.00 deaths/1,000 population (1993 estimate)
  • Infant mortality rate: 58 deaths/1,000 live births (1993 estimate)
  • Sex ratio: 901females/1000males
  • 15-64 years: 54.74%
  • Forest: 25.23%
  • Longtitude 90.36 degree East to 97.3 degree East
  • Latitude: 26.42 degree North to 29.30 degree North
  • Rainfall: 266 mm
  • Ethnic Groups: Tribal Groups 63%, Non-tribal migrants 37%

Culture & Heritage of Arunachal Pradesh

arunachal pradesh monpa culture
Arunachal Pradesh Monpa Culture
People:  Arunachal Pradesh has majorly Mongoloid and Tibeto-Burmese tribes and sub-tribes, with their own languages, clothes, headgear, customs and traditions. Tribals constitute 79% of the total population. The major tribes are Daflas, Monpas, Adis, Akas, Apatanis, Mishmis, Nishis, Noktey, Wangchu and Sherdukpens.

Clothes: Costumes of Arunachal Pradesh signifies the different tribes of that place with fascinating vibrant colours and myriad patterns. The Monpas who live north of the Bomdila range, adhere to Buddhism, observed in the venerated Tawang monastery. Thus, the traditional costume of the Monpas of Arunachal Pradesh is shaped by Tibetan culture. Besides, they also cover themselves with woolen coats and trousers, to shield themselves from the cold. They wear a skullcap made of felt with laces or tassels as adornments. The Monpas women wear a jacket, above a sleeveless chemise. They bind this chemise round their waists with a lengthy and narrow strip of cloth.

Food:  Their food is non-spicy and generally bland. Dishes are seasoned with bamboo shoots and local herbs. While they eat plenty of leafy vegetables and maize, they are basically meat eaters who also have lots of fish and eggs. "Apong" is the local drink made from rice and millet, which is very famous among the local people living this state. 

Festivals:  As a matter of fact festivals of Arunachal Pradesh reflects the real culture and tradition of the people. Every social community of Arunachal Pradesh celebrate number of festivals. The festivals of Arunachal Pradesh are generally - agricutural, religious and socio-cultural, which give them ample opportunity to enjoy and entertain freely. The festivals are the occasions for people to relax, enjoy, dance, eat and to drink.

Some of the famous festivals of Arunachal Pradesh are:
  • Choekhor
  •  Losar
  • Torgya
  • Monpa Festival
  • Saga Dawa
  • Tamladu Festival
  • Sangken Festival
  • Khan Festival
 Further reading about Arunachal Pradesh

Tourist Attractions of Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh Tourist Information
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