Tuesday, December 3, 2013

Goa At A Glance

goa tourist map

Famous for its sun-kissed beaches and enchanted churches, Goa is a land of exotic beauty. The smallest state of India, Goa is one of the most sought after holiday destination, luring both foreigners and domestic tourists. It is located on the western coast of India in the region of Konkan. Located at a biodiversity hotspot, the state is gifted with rich flora and fauna.

A land of glistening sand, vibrant night life and mouth-watering cuisine, Goa is the richest state in the country with a whopping GDP per capita, which is two and a half times that of the entire country. Goa has gained its unique Latin character from a rich past of diverse customs and traditions-Hindu, Muslim and Portuguese Catholic. A place drenched in fun and frolic, Goa symbolizes celebration, energy and lively attitude. 

History of Goa

goa ancient churches old
Beselica of Bom Jesus
The history of Goa can be traced back to the 3rd century BC, when it was a part of the Mauryan kingdom. Later the control was taken-over by the Satavahanas of Kolhapur and eventually the state was ruled by Chalukyas of Badami from AD 580 to 750. In 1312, Goa came under the control of Muslims, who were not fascinated by its beaches and in the course of time left the place in the year 1370 owing to the forceful persuasion of Harihara I of the Vijayanagar empire. For almost a century, from then, Goa's harbours were significant landing spots for ships carrying Arabian horses for the cavalry of Vijayanagar.

Gifted with natural harbours and scenic beauty, Goa was a desirable base for the seagoing Portuguese, who arrived in 1510 with a motive to control the Eastern spice route. In the late 18th century, Marathas succeeded in suppressing the Portuguese. However, it was only in 1961, when the Indian army entered into Goa that Portuguese business activities finally came to an end.

Geography & Climate of Goa

goa village scenary

Goa is bounded by the state of Karnataka on its east and south, Maharashtra on its north and the huge Arabian Sea on its west. Goa is the fourth smallest state of India in terms of population, with a count of 1.34 million people. It covers an area of 3702 square kilometer. Goa enjoys a lovely whether from the month of October to February, however the climate turns humid from March onwards. The monsoon knocks the door of Goa in the month of June and stays till the end of September. Generally many places close up shops during this phase. So ideally, the time from October to March is the most apt period to live up the rapture of this place.


Panaji or Panjim is the capital city of Goa. The main languages spoken in the state are Konkani (official language), Marathi, English and Hindi. The state animal of Goa is Gaur, state bird is the ruby throated yellow bulbul and Asan is the state tree. Speaking of the staple diet of Goa, people here mainly eat rice with fish curry. Goans generally observe Hinduism, Christianity and Islam religion.

Heritage & Culture of Goa

The state of pomp and celebration, Goa is immersed in the year round festivity. Shigmo Mel (Holi), Chavoth, Diwali, Easter, Christmas, Samvatsar Padvo and Dasara are some of the prominent local festivals of the place, which signify unity in diversity. The vivid and fascinating Goan Carnivals and spirit raising new year celebrations are the key attraction of Goa. Goan Hindus enjoy Bhajan, Kirtan and traditional art of Natak. There are a number of well-known Indian Classical singers who are natives of Goa, including Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle, Kesarbai Kerkar and Pandit Prabhakar Karekar. Dekhnni, Mando, dulpod, fugdi and corridinho are some of the traditional art forms of the place.

Related Links

Goa Tourist Attractions
Goa Tourist Information

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